Simply put, sociology is the study of society. This study uses a lot of different methods in order to investigate the way society works and why humans do the things they do as a society. Sociology is a very broad term that covers a wide range of areas. Trying to some it up in just a few paragraphs would not be possible, but I will try to hit some of the main points.
In addition to being the study of society, sociology looks at the social lives of individual people, groups or people and entire societies. It takes a look at and studies our social behaviors, whether they be short interactions between people that don't know each other or social processes that span the entire planet. It studies social aggregations from a scientific point of view to look at the groups and social circles that people move through during the course of their lives. Mankind, psychology, history and economics are all studied and combined to get overarching results that compare to one another.
Simply put, sociology is the study of human behavior, particularly in groups. Contemporary sociology deals more with conflict orientation. The functionalism movement of sociology is now considered to be obsolete. Samples are taken from large populations and broken into subsets. The way a sample is selected is known as sampling. Samples are usually chosen at random unless there are specifics in that population for which then a strategy for selecting samples will be implemented. Other sampling methods can also be used when random sampling is not possible.
Topics in sociology are many. The range and scope of these topics can include things like culture, law, the economy, environment, education, gender and more. It's all about studying behavior in different settings, comparing people of one particular group to those of another group. For example, sociology can affect the environment in various ways. Researchers study the relation between social factors and their effects on the environment. I guess one study could investigate why people of a particular social group litter and why those in another do not. Education is also another big part of sociology. This is the study of how educational institutions play a role in social constructs. School systems usually mold people at a young age for better or for worse. Good schools usually lead to better societies while bad schools can lead to more crime in a social circle.
There are so many ways that sociology can be viewed and studied. This is why there are entire degree programs at colleges in various parts of sociology. Man has been on the planet for a very long time, and we are still trying to figure out what makes them tick. It seems that another million years will pass without anyone really knowing the full explanation of why people act and behave the way the do in certain social circumstances, especially with the way technology has changed things so recently.
Sociology has to do with people living together and socializing.
The way people think can really influence how a society works.
A society is a group of people that lives and works together within established laws and guidelines.